What is a Mixed Signal Oscilloscope?

What is a Mixed Signal Oscilloscope?

A mixed-signal oscilloscope, or MSO, is a type of oscilloscope that can measure and display both digital and analog signals. This type of oscilloscope is perfect for measuring and debugging electronic systems that contain both digital and analog components.

MSOs typically have four input channels, two of which are dedicated to analog signals and two of which are reserved for digital signals. Most MSOs also come equipped with a built-in logic analyzer, which makes them ideal for debugging digital systems [1].

If you’re working with mixed-signal electronics, then a mixed-signal oscilloscope is the perfect tool for your needs. With its ability to measure both digital and analog signals, an MSO can help you debug your system quickly and easily. So don’t wait any longer, get yourself an MSO today!

An MSO can be perfect for anyone who is working with mixed-signal electronics because it can save you a lot of time when debugging your system.

In this blog post, we will discuss the basics of MSOs and how they can be used to troubleshoot electronics systems.

The Mixed Signal Oscilloscope/MSO Definition

The Mixed Signal Oscilloscope/MSO Definition

An MSO, or mixed-signal oscilloscope, is a piece of test equipment that combines the analog measurement channels of an oscilloscope with the logic channels of a logic analyzer. As the demand for combining analog and logical measurement channels on one device grows, so does the popularity of MSOs [2].

The term “mixed signal” generally refers to any system or device that uses both digital and analog signals. In an MSO, the addition of digital channels allows for the acquisition and display of time-correlated analog and digital data on a single screen. This correlation is vital when trying to debug mixed-signal designs.

Analog channels measure voltage levels while logic channels measure the state of digital signals (usually represented as high or low voltage levels). Most MSOs have between two and four analog input channels and 16 or more logic input channels. The number of available logic input channels is especially important because it determines how many buses can be monitored simultaneously.

When analyzing boards with logic components such as embedded systems using a microcontroller or MPU, it’s sometimes necessary to combine the analog channels of a traditional scope in order to examine waveforms while still seeing the logic levels on other parts of the circuit. Combining all of these elements together makes studying these systems much easier.

Why Use Mixed Signal Oscilloscopes?

It’s possible to examine these embedded systems using an MSO, which provides much more detail into their operation. A 2- or 4-channel scope combined with a 16-channel logic analyzer function would not be feasible, but it is conceivable to have a two- or four-channel scope linked with a 16-channel logic analyzer capability [3].

Why Use Mixed Signal Oscilloscopes?

This is where MSOs come in. A mixed-signal oscilloscope has the ability to take measurements of both analog and digital signals, providing you with a comprehensive view of your circuit’s behavior. By combining the best features of both an oscilloscope and a logic analyzer, MSOs give you the power to debug and troubleshoot your circuits with ease.

If you’re working with embedded systems, then an MSO is a valuable tool that can save you time and hassle when trying to find problems. If you don’t need the extra channels, then a traditional scope will suffice; but if you find yourself needing more visibility into your circuit’s behavior, then an MSO is definitely worth considering.

MSO Capabilities

Most digital oscilloscopes have at least two channels, and many have four or more. Mixed-signal oscilloscopes (MSOs) take this a step further by adding one or more analog channels to the mix. This gives you the ability to not only see what’s happening on your digital lines but also correlate it with activity on your analog lines.

The MSO handles the oscilloscope and logic channels differently [4]:

1) Oscilloscope channels. These are true analog signals, which use an ADC to convert the analog inputs into a digital format. The waveform is then modified so that the analog features of the signal can be seen. This is useful for viewing digital and analog signals at the same time, as well as for quickly identifying any problems with your digital lines. Digital oscilloscopes usually have a bandwidth of around 20MHz, while MSOs can go up to 100MHz or more. This means that they can be used to view high-speed digital signals, as well as slower analog signals;

2) Logic channels. The mixed-signal oscilloscope’s logic channels are directly converted to a digital format. The screen displays the signals as a high or low level, and no analog information is shown. There are many more of these logic channels to allow for a comprehensive insight into the logic on a circuit, but because they don’t require complete analog to digital conversion, they are much simpler to implement. If you want to view the analog elements of a digital signal, connect it to one of the analog connections;

MSO Capabilities

This is incredibly useful when you’re trying to debug mixed-signal designs, as you can quickly and easily see what’s going on with both your digital and analog signals at the same time. MSOs usually have all of the features and capabilities of a high-end digital oscilloscope, including deep memory, advanced triggering, and fast sample rates.

If you’re working with mixed-signal designs, then an MSO is an essential piece of test equipment. Not only will it save you a lot of time and effort, but it can also help you find and fix problems that would otherwise be very difficult to track down.

Comparison of Logic Analyzer and MSO

Oscilloscopes are the most accurate instruments for detecting and analyzing analog electronic signals, as well as assessing signal integrity and analog circuit performance. Logic analyzers are the most effective instruments for examining and monitoring digital electronic communications such as I2C, SPI, and Serial [15].

The key differences:

  • Oscilloscopes are used to observe the behavior of an electrical signal over time, while logic analyzers are used to test digital circuits and systems by observing the logic states or voltages present at various points in the circuit;
  • Oscilloscopes can measure both AC and DC signals, while logic analyzers can only measure digital signals;
  • Oscilloscopes typically have two channels, while logic analyzers usually have eight or more;
  • Oscilloscopes are generally more expensive than logic analyzers;

MSO Format

Oscilloscopes can be purchased in a variety of forms. The usual bench-top box design is popular, and many scopes use this style<. Many oscilloscope manufacturers expand their ranges by adding mixed-signal capabilities to certain instruments within their ranges.

USB PC-based mixed-signal oscilloscopes are also available, in addition to benchtop versions. These feature a maximum of 16 logic channels and may be expanded to two or four analog channels, giving them a highly powerful instrument [6].

What’s The Difference Between A Mixed-Signal Oscilloscope And A Logic Analyzer:

1) Which Instrument Is Home Base

Mixed-signal oscilloscopes (MSOs) are often thought of as the home base for digital measurements. MSOs offer more than just digital timing measurements; they also include analog channels to measure voltage. This is important when you’re debugging a system because you can see both digital and analog activity on the same time base. Oscilloscopes are ideal when your goal is to understand how a signal changes over time.

Which Instrument Is Home Base

Logic analyzers are better suited for analyzing digital signals that occur at specific times, or events. A logic analyzer lets you trigger off of specific patterns in the data so you can view interesting sections of a long acquisition. Logic analyzers have a limited number of channels, but each channel can be multiplexed to observe many signals. This is useful when you want to know what a group of signals are doing at a specific moment in time.

2) State And Timing Analysis

Both MSOs and logic analyzers have fundamental architecture differences in how they acquire and show signals. An MSO exclusively utilizes asynchronous sampling, like an oscilloscope. Because it feels like a scope, for many individuals this makes getting started with an acquisition on digital channels simpler. There’s no need to understand the difference between timing and state analysis or to provide a clock signal. When running repeatedly in MSO systems, users get timely updates.

Logic analyzers, on the other hand, feature a wider range of acquisition modes, including both timing and state analysis. State analysis is an excellent method to collect information on buses with clocks that run in sync. The state captures only take place on valid clock conditions, which eliminates the capture of unimportant transition activity between valid clock signals. They also narrow down the captured time window by only utilizing logic analyzer memory when genuine states occur. Logic analyzers are optimized for detecting and displaying single-shot occurrences, but they have long gaps of dead time between acquisitions while operating repeatedly.

Logic analyzer users, on the other hand, often find it to be much easier to group and name signals and buses on a logic analyzer than with an MSO. Ironically, logic analyzer grouping is typically more difficult for MSO users.

3) Triggering

Another big difference between MSOs and logic analyzers is in the triggering. Oscilloscopes feature a large variety of trigger types to select from, including edge, width, pulse, video, pattern, and serial triggers. With all these choices, you can set up an oscilloscope trigger to detect just about any kind of signal behavior.

Logic analyzers have a more limited selection of triggers because they are designed for digital signals. The most common type of logic analyzer trigger is the state trigger. State triggers let you specify a certain pattern of digital states (high or low) that must occur before the logic analyzer will start acquiring data. This lets you focus on specific events while ignoring other digital activities that might be going on.


Some logic analyzers also have edge triggers, which let you trigger a digital signal that makes a transition from one state to another (high-to-low or low-to-high). Edge triggers are less common on logic analyzers than state triggers because they are less specific. With an edge trigger, you might end up capturing a lot of data that is not relevant to what you are trying to troubleshoot [7].

There are a few things to keep in mind when choosing an MSO for your needs:

  • First, make sure that the scope has enough channels to cover all of the signals in your design;
  • Second, be sure to check the bandwidth and sample rate specs to ensure that the scope can handle the high-speed digital signals in your design;
  • Finally, look at the feature set and make sure that the scope has all of the features and capabilities that you need;


What is a mixed-signal oscilloscope used for?

A mixed-signal oscilloscope (MSO) is a type of electronic test instrument that allows you to measure both digital and analog signals on the same screen. This can be extremely helpful when trying to debug or troubleshoot circuits, as you can see how the different signals are interacting with each other.

What are the different types of oscilloscopes?

There are three main types of an oscilloscope:

  • Analog oscilloscopes are the most basic type and measure the voltage over time;
  • Digital oscilloscopes convert the voltage into a digital signal that can be displayed on a screen;
  • Mixed-signal oscilloscopes, as the name suggests, can measure both digital and analog signals;

What is a digital sampling oscilloscope?

A digital sampling oscilloscope is a type of digital oscilloscope that uses a technique called “sampling” to measure the voltage of a signal. Sampling involves taking snapshots of the signal at regular intervals and then reconstructing the signal from these samples. This allows for very accurate measurements, but can also be quite slow depending on the speed of the ADC (analog-to-digital converter) [8].

What is a dual-beam oscilloscope?

A dual-beam oscilloscope is a type of oscilloscope that has two electron beams instead of just one. This allows for more accurate measurements, as the two beams can be used to cancel out each other’s errors [9].

How do you read Lissajous figures?

The X-Y plot’s shape indicates the phase difference in the Lissajous pattern. A straight line indicates a 0° or 180° phase difference. The angle of the line is determined by the difference in amplitude between the two signals; a line at 45° to the horizontal indicates that the amplitudes are equal [10].

Can an oscilloscope measure DC voltage?

Yes, an oscilloscope can measure DC voltage. However, most oscilloscopes are designed for AC signals, so you may need a special adapter in order to measure DC voltages.

Is an oscilloscope a voltmeter?

A voltmeter is a device that measures the difference in voltage between two points. If the oscilloscope is a Cathode Ray Oscilloscope (CRO), it may be used as a voltmeter. This technique can be utilized to measure potential differences between the two locations [11].

Useful Video: 5 Series MSO Mixed Signal Oscilloscope: 5-minute Overview


  1. https://www.picotech.com/library/oscilloscopes/mixed-signal-oscilloscope-mso
  2. https://www.electronics-notes.com/articles/test-methods/oscilloscope/mixed-signal-oscilloscope-mso.php
  3. https://www.electronicdesign.com/technologies/test-measurement/article/21800885/whats-the-difference-between-a-mixedsignal-oscilloscope-and-a-logic-analyzer
  4. https://www.electronics-notes.com/articles/test-methods/oscilloscope/mixed-signal-oscilloscope-mso.php
  5. https://blog.saleae.com/what-is-the-difference-between-a-logic-analyzer-and-an-oscilloscope/
  6. https://www.electronics-notes.com/articles/test-methods/oscilloscope/mixed-signal-oscilloscope-mso.php
  7. https://www.picotech.com/library/oscilloscopes/mixed-signal-oscilloscope-mso
  8. https://www.electronics-notes.com/articles/test-methods/oscilloscope/digital-sampling-scope.php
  9. https://www.electrical4u.com/double-beam-oscilloscope
  10. https://wiki.analog.com/university/courses/alm1k/intro/intro-lissajou-curves
  11. https://byjus.com/jee-questions/is-oscilloscope-a-voltmeter/